Wednesday, 22 May 2024

Knowing About Endometrial Cancer

Endometrial, also known as uterine cancer is the third most prevalent type of cancer in Thai women’s reproductive systems. Endometrial carcinoma is a form of cancer that starts in the uterus. Endometrial carcinoma begins in the layer that makes up the lining (endometrium).

Endometrial Cancer Symptoms

There are a few symptoms that may point to endometrial cancer. Some of the symptoms are as follows:

  • Bleeding or discharge not related to periods.
  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause.
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pain during intercourse
  • Swollen legs and feet
  • Fever and fever
  • Pain in the legs, lower abdomen and lower hips because the tumour presses the nerve.

Make an appointment with your doctor if you experience the symptoms that worry you.

Risk Factors

Factors that increase the risk of endometrial cancer include:

  • Menstrual periods at an early stage: people who had their first periods before age 12 had a 60{1270dad5baa54890c32034397d36f94f368a6238a8728f74636e830250c1f54b} risk of developing endometrial cancer.
  • Age: most common in women aged 40-70 years and postmenopausal women.
  • Obesity and overweight: In people with excess body fat, there will be an increase in the production of estrogen from adipose tissue, which increase the risk of endometrial cancer.
  • Irregular menstruation: those who have irregular periods including irregular menstruation are three times more likely to develop endometrial cancer.
  • Heredity: cancer is a disease that can be passed through generations.
  • Certain medications: long term exposure to medication may stimulate the lining of the womb until it develops cancer.
  • Diabetics and abnormal glucose levels: these patients are 2.8 more times likely to develop endometrial cancer.
  • Polycystic ovary syndrome: this is the condition in which menstruation is missed for a long time.
  • Never having been pregnant: if you’ve never been pregnant, you have a higher risk of endometrial cancer.

Endometrial Cancer Diagnosis

The exact diagnosis of endometrial cancer is made by taking the endometrium for pathological examination, which often requires the uterus to get a tissue to be examined.

After getting endometrial cancer symptoms (มะเร็ง เยื่อ บุ โพรง มดลูก อาการ, which is the term in Thai) doctors might suggest surgery. Surgery is the main treatment for patients whose cancer has not spread to other parts. The doctor removes the uterus, ovaries and two fallopian tubes along with lymph nodes. To remove cancerous cells in the uterine cavity.

The advantage of this cancer is having early symptoms that are abnormal vaginal bleeding. Therefore, seeing a doctor at the onset of symptoms will help to treat them early.

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